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In the autumn of 1895 he and Reginald Barnes travelled to Cuba to observe its war of independence; they joined Spanish troops attempting to suppress independence fighters and were caught up in several skirmishes.Reflecting a mix of reformist and conservative perspectives, he supported the promotion of secular, non-denominational education while opposing women's suffrage, referring to the Suffragettes as "a ridiculous movement".Translated from Swedish, his citation upon receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 reads, "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values".Churchill was born into an aristocratic family, the son of an English politician and an American socialite.His second term was preoccupied by foreign affairs, including the Malayan Emergency, Mau Mau Uprising, Korean War, and a UK-backed Iranian coup.
Wanted by the Boer authorities, he again hid aboard a freight train and travelled to safety in Portuguese East Africa.
He led Britain as Prime Minister until after the German surrender in 1945.
After the Conservative Party's defeat in the 1945 general election, he became Leader of the Opposition to the Labour Government.
Named the Greatest Briton of all time in a 2002 poll, Churchill is among the most influential people in British history, consistently ranking well in opinion polls of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom.
As a writer, he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 for his overall, lifetime body of work.